Your Position:Chemical Database > MSDS > MSDS CAS started with 1 > Phenol
  Material Safety Data Sheet
Section 1 - Chemical Product
  MSDS Name: Phenol Liquid Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:Carbolic acid; Phenylic acid; Hydroxybenzene; Monohydroxybenzene; Phenyl hydroxid


Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
 
name:Phenol
CAS:108-95-2
content:89
EINECS:203-632-7

name:Oxalic acid, dihydrate
CAS:6153-56-6
content:0.01
EINECS:unlisted

name:Water
CAS:7732-18-5
content:11
EINECS:231-791-2

Text for R-phrases: see Section 16
Hazard Symbols: T
Risk Phrases: 23/24/25 34 48/20/21/22 68



Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed. Causes burns. Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.Possible risk of irreversible effects.Air sensitive.Hygroscopic (absorbs moisture from the air).Light sensitive.Mutagen.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Contact with liquid or vapor causes severe burns and possible irreversible eye damage.
Skin:
May be fatal if absorbed through the skin.
Ingestion:
May cause liver and kidney damage. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure. May cause perforation of the digestive tract. Causes digestive tract burns with immediate pain, swelling of the throat, convulsions, and possible coma. Methemoglobinemia is characterized by dizziness, drowsiness, headache, shortness of breath, cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin due to deficient oxygenation of the blood), rapid heart rate and chocolate-brown colored blood.
Overexposure may cause methemoglobinemia. Human fatalities have been reported from acute poisoning. May cause cardiac abnormalities.
Inhalation:
Causes severe irritation of upper respiratory tract with coughing, burns, breathing difficulty, and possible coma. May be fatal if exposed to high concentrations. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema. May also cause pallor, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, darkened urine, headache, sweating, convulsions, cyanosis (bluish skin due to deficient oxygenation of the blood), unconsciousness, fatigue, pulmonary edema & coma. Inhalation at high concentrations may cause CNS depression and asphixiation.
Chronic:
Chronic inhalation and ingestion may cause effects similar to those of acute inhalation and ingestion. May cause reproductive and fetal effects. Effects may be delayed. Laboratory experiments have resulted in mutagenic effects. Repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis with dark pigmentation of the skin. Animal studies have reported the development of tumors.



Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow victim to rub eyes or keep eyes closed. Extensive irrigation with water is required (at least 30 minutes).
Skin:
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Discard contaminated clothing in a manner which limits further exposure. SPEEDY ACTION IS CRITICAL! Destroy contaminated shoes.
Ingestion:
Do not induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. SPEED IS ESSENTIAL. A DOCTOR MUST BE NOTIFIED AT ONCE.
Inhalation:
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Do NOT use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask. SPEED IS ESSENTIAL, OBTAIN MEDICAL AID IMMEDIATELY.
Notes to Physician:
Persons with liver or kidney disease should not be exposed to phenol for any length of time.
Antidote: Activated charcoal, followed by cathartic, may be preferred to ipecac induced emesis or lavage in decontamination of the GI tract and preventing systemic absorption of phenol.



Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas. Containers may explode when heated. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution. Combustible liquid and vapor.
Extinguishing Media:
In case of fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers.



Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation.



Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Do not ingest or inhale. Store protected from light. Use only in a chemical fume hood. Discard contaminated shoes.
Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Storage:
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Keep container closed when not in use. Store in a tightly closed container. Keep from contact with oxidizing materials. Keep refrigerated. (Store below 4C/39F.) Store protected from moisture.
Store protected from light.



Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Use explosion-proof ventilation equipment. Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits.
Exposure Limits CAS# 108-95-2: United Kingdom, WEL - TWA: 2 ppm TWA United Kingdom, WEL - STEL: 6 ppm STEL United States OSHA: 5 ppm TWA; 19 mg/m3 TWA Belgium - TWA: 2 ppm VLE; 7.8 mg/m3 VLE France - VME: 5 ppm VME; 19 mg/m3 VME Germany: 5 ppm TWA; 19 mg/m3 TWA Germany: Skin absorber Japan: 5 ppm OEL; 19 mg/m3 OEL Malaysia: 5 ppm TWA; 15 mg/m3 TWA Netherlands: 2 ppm MAC; 8 mg/m3 MAC Russia: 0.3 mg/m3 TWA Spain: 2 ppm VLA-ED; 8 mg/m3 VLA-ED CAS# 6153-56-6: CAS# 7732-18-5: Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant respirator use.



Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Color: colorless
Odor: sweetish odor
pH: 6 aqueous solution.
Vapor Pressure: .35 mm Hg @25C
Viscosity: 1.51 cp@80C
Boiling Point: 360 deg F
Freezing/Melting Point: 109 deg F
Autoignition Temperature: 1319 deg F ( 715.00 deg C)
Flash Point: 175 deg F ( 79.44 deg C)
Explosion Limits, lower: 1.8
Explosion Limits, upper: 8.6
Decomposition Temperature: Not available.
Solubility in water: 6.75% in water
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.0576
Molecular Formula: C6H5OH
Molecular Weight: 94.1



Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable.
Conditions to Avoid:
Light, ignition sources, excess heat, exposure to moist air or water.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents, isocyanates, acetaldehyde, calcium hypochlorite, peroxomonosulfuric acid, nitrobenzene, sodium nitrite, aluminum chloride, peroxydisulfuric acid, 1,3-butadiene, boron trifluoride diethyl ether.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.



Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 108-95-2: SJ3325000 CAS# 6153-56-6 unlisted.
CAS# 7732-18-5: ZC0110000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 108-95-2: Draize test, rabbit, eye: 5 mg Severe; Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24H Severe; Draize test, rabbit, skin: 100 mg Mild; Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 177 mg/m3; Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 177 mg/m3/4H; Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 316 mg/m3; Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 316 mg/m3/4H; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 270 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 317 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 512 mg/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 630 mg/kg; Skin, rat: LD50 = 669 mg/kg; Skin, rat: LD50 = 1500 mg/kg.
CAS# 6153-56-6.
CAS# 7732-18-5: Oral, rat: LD50 = >90 mL/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
Phenol - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Oxalic acid, dihydrate - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Water - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.



Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Ecotoxicity:
Water flea Daphnia: EC50=12 mg/l; 48-hour; CAS# 108-95-2: UnspecifiedWater flea Daphnia: EC50=4.0 mg/l; 96-hour; CAS# 108-95-2: UnspecifiedFish: Fathead Minnow: LC50 > 50 mg/l; 1 Hr; CAS# 108-95-2 Static @ 18-22CFish: Fathead Minnow: TLm = 41 mg/L; 48-hour; CAS# 108-95-2: Flow-through @ 15CFish: Bluegill/Sunfish: TLm = 19 / 5.7 mg/L; 96 Hr; CAS# 108-95-2: Flow-throughIf released to the environment, phenol's primary removal mechanism is biodegradation which is generally rapid (days). If phenol is released to soil, it will readily leach and biodegrade. The biodegradation in soil is generally rapid with half-lives of under 5 days even in subsurface


Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Products which are considered hazardous for supply are classified as Special Waste and the disposal of such chemicals is covered by regulations which may vary according to location. Contact a specialist disposal company or the local waste regulator for advice. Empty containers must be decontaminated before returning for recycling.



Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: PHENOL, SOLID
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 1671
Packing Group: II
IMO
Shipping Name: PHENOL, SOLID
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 1671
Packing Group: II
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: PHENOL, SOLID
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 1671
Packing group: II
USA RQ: CAS# 108-95-2: 1000 lb final RQ; 454 kg final RQ



Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: T
Risk Phrases:
R 23/24/25 Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin
and if swallowed.
R 34 Causes burns.
R 48/20/21/22 Harmful : danger of serious damage to
health by prolonged exposure through inhalation, in
contact with skin and if swallowed.
R 68 Possible risk of irreversible effects.
Safety Phrases:
S 24/25 Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately
with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 28 After contact with skin, wash immediately
with...
S 36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves
and eye/face protection.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
possible).
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 108-95-2: 2
CAS# 6153-56-6: 1
CAS# 7732-18-5: No information available.
Canada
CAS# 108-95-2 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 7732-18-5 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 108-95-2 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
CAS# 6153-56-6 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
CAS# 7732-18-5 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 108-95-2 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
CAS# 6153-56-6 is not on the TSCA Inventory because it is a hydrate.
It is considered to be listed if the CAS number for the anhydrous form
is on the inventory (40CFR720.3(u)(2)).
CAS# 7732-18-5 is listed on the TSCA inventory.



   Physical and Chemical property of main components
Chemicals Name
Phenol
Synonyms
phenol, pure; Phenol, MB Grade (1.07632); Phenol, Molecular Biology Grade; Phenol water saturated solution,DNase,RNase,Protease free,stab.; Phenol liquified 80% w/w in water; Phenol detached crystals; Poly(4-hydroxy)styrene; OXYBENZENE; PHENIC ACID; PHENOL, LIQUEFIED; PHENOL LIQUIFIED; PHENOL REAGENT; PHENOL SATURATED, PH 4.5; PHENOL SINGLE PHASE BUFFER,SATURATED; Hydroxybenzene; DetailsPhenol
EINECS
203-632-7
CAS Registry Number
108-95-2
InChI
InChI=1/C6H6O/c7-6-4-2-1-3-5-6/h1-5,7H
Molecular Weight
94.11
Molecular Formula
C6H6O
Density
1.07
Melting point
40-42°C
Molecular Structure
Molecular Structure of Phenol
Flash point
79°C
Boiling point
182°C
Water solubility
8 g/100 mL
Refractive index
1.5418
Hazard Symbols
 T:Toxic;
 C:Corrosive;
Safety Description
S28A:;
S36/37:;
S45:;
Risk Codes
R23/24/25:;
R34:;
R40:;
R48/20/21/22:;
R68:;
          Related MSDS
          MSDS By Chemicals Name
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
          MSDS By CAS Registry Number
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Home   | Privacy Policy   |  Bookmark  |  Contact Us   | Link to us  |  SiteMap   
Copyright chem24h.com All rights reserved.